The objective of this project is to determine the distance of underground cable fault from base station in kilometers USING an Arduino. The underground cable system is a common practice followed in many urban areas. While a fault occurs for some reason, at that time the repairing process related to that particular cable is difficult due to not knowing the exact location of the cable fault. The proposed system is to find the exact location of the fault.
The project uses the standard concept of Ohms law i.e., when a low DC voltage is applied at the feeder end through a series resistor (Cable lines), then current would vary depending upon the location of fault in the cable. In case there is a short circuit (Line to Ground), the voltage across series resistors changes accordingly, which is then fed to inbuilt ADC of Arduino to develop precise digital data for display in kilometers.
The project is assembled with a set of resistors representing the cable length in km and the fault creation is made by a set of switches at every known km to cross check the accuracy of the same. The fault occurring at a particular distance, the respective phase along with the distance is displayed on the LCD. The same information is also sent over IOT, interfaced to the Arduino.
Further this project can be enhanced by using capacitor in an ac circuit to measure the impedance which can even locate the open circuited cable, unlike the short circuited fault only using resistors in DC circuit as followed in the above proposed project.
NOTE = Underground cable fault detector over IOT. Is the project of last year’s engineering project, BE final year engineering project. This project is used for BE last year electrical department students.
Underground cable fault detector is the project of a good Price for the electrical engineering project .it is a very comparative engineering project. It is a very good BE final year and diploma project.it is project for arduino based project idea for the electrical projects is an IOT project.
The engineering projects give in the ELECTROSAL HI- TECH PVT.LTD. The best place for the degree and diploma final year engineering projects as well as for electrical students’ final year for the golden opportunity.
Underground cable fault detector is an easy project and idea for the electrical degree and diploma base students & 100% output is done.
- Underground cable fault detection from base station
- PIC controller is used
- Exact fault location of cable
- Used standard concept of Ohms law
- Display the fault from kilometers aparts
- LCD display
- Relay Driver IC
- Wi-Fi Module